Everything You Need To Know About LASIK
Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) is an assisted-surgical procedure performed to permanently change the cornea’s shape. Its purpose is to improve your eyesight so you can get rid of contact lenses. LASIK is a minimally invasive technique conducted with laser technology.
We, as eye care providers, are your first contact with LASIK. If, after your ophthalmologic evaluation, you are considered a candidate for LASIK, we will provide all your pre-and post-operative care, as well as refer you to a surgeon.
How Does LASIK Work?
When there are refractive defects, there are usually alterations in the refractive parts of the eye, such as the cornea and the crystalline lens.
If the cornea or the lens do not refract light correctly, there are vision problems because the image does not reach the retina but in front of it or behind it.
The symptoms are typically blurred vision, difficulty seeing near or far, squinting, or eyestrain.
In this case, LASIK focuses on corneal problems, especially when the cornea’s size exceeds normal. LASIK aims to reshape the cornea to allow light to reach the retina and improve vision.
Teamwork is always a virtue that yields outstanding results when both parties are involved. For the management and performance of LASIK to be effective, it is necessary that both the ophthalmologist and the surgeon work as a team.
On the way to surgery, you first need to attend an ophthalmologic evaluation for visual screening. If this visual examination reveals refractive problems, especially corneal problems, you will be evaluated for surgery.
The evaluating ophthalmologist will contact an experienced surgeon for the second evaluation.
In the second evaluation (one week after the ophthalmologic evaluation), the surgeon examines your eyes to see if you can undergo surgery or not. In addition, the surgeon assesses other health parameters to make sure the procedure will go well.
After surgery, you must attend weekly or even monthly check-ups with ophthalmology to verify that everything went well and that the recovery is successful.
Is LASIK Right For Me?
LASIK can treat a variety of vision problems, from myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (irregularly shaped eye surface).
How Is The Procedure?
The procedure is performed in two steps. The first consists of making a corneal flap in the upper part of the cornea with laser. In the second, the laser is used to reshape the deeper cornea by precisely removing tissue. The final result is a thinner cornea that successfully reflects light to the retina.
Are There Any Risks During Surgery?
Complications during and after surgery are rare; however, they can occur. Possible complications can be infection or inflammation, both of which are treatable with medication.
Other temporary complications are associated with vision, such as dry eyes, glare, light sensitivity, and halos around lights, which usually disappear with time.
If you need more information about LASIK, you can talk to any of our health providers or make an appointment. If, on the other hand, you are already a candidate for LASIK surgery, we will co-manage the entire ophthalmologic evaluation and best surgeon selection according to your location, budget, and needs.
With us, you don’t have to worry about anything. We can manage everything for you. Do not hesitate to contact us!
- Kates, M. M., & Tuli, S. (2020). What is LASIK eye surgery? JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 324(8), 815.
- Wilson, T. S. (2000). LASIK surgery. AORN Journal, 71(5), 963–972, 975-8 passim; quiz 984–992.